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Series : The Frontiers Collection

Chemical Complexity

Self-Organization Processes in Molecular Systems

Chemical Complexity
Author
Mikhailov, Alexander S./ Ertl, Gerhard 
Publisher
Springer-Verlag 
Publication Date
Aug, 2017 
ISBN
3319573756 or 9783319573755
HARDCOVER 
208 Pages
出版済み 3-5週間でお届けいたします。
The delivery time takes 3 to 5 weeks

¥ 15,330 (tax included)

Description

This book provides an outline of theoretical concepts and their experimental verification in studies of self-organization phenomena in chemical systems, as they emerged in the mid-20th century and have evolved since. Presenting essays on selected topics, it was prepared by authors who have made profound contributions to the field. Traditionally, physical chemistry has been concerned with interactions between atoms and molecules that produce a variety of equilibrium structures - or the 'dead' order - in a stationary state. But biological cells exhibit a different 'living' kind of order, prompting E. Schrodinger to pose his famous question “What is life?” in 1943. Through an unprecedented theoretical and experimental development, it was later revealed that biological self-organization phenomena are in complete agreement with the laws of physics, once they are applied to a special class of thermodynamically open systems and non-equilibrium states. This knowledge has in turn led to the design and synthesis of simple inorganic systems capable of self-organization effects. These artificial 'living organisms' are able to operate on macroscopic to microscopic scales, even down to single-molecule machines. In the future, such research could provide a basis for a technological breakthrough, comparable in its impact with the invention of lasers and semiconductors. Its results can be used to control natural chemical processes, and to design artificial complex chemical processes with various functionalities. The book offers an extensive discussion of the history of research on complex chemical systems and its future prospects.

Contents

Self-organization vs. self-assembly.- Thermodynamics of open systems.- The Turing instability.- Waves in the heart.- The Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction.- Surface catalysis.- Corrosion of steels.- Nonequilibrium soft matter.- Phase transitions in reactive systems.- Self-organization in biological cells.- Protein machines and molecular motors.- Active propulsion on microscales.- Oscillators and synchronization phenomena.- Chemical chaos.- Network problems.- Design and control of self-organizing systems.- Open problems and application perspectives.

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